Complete list of Bharat Ratna Awardees from 1952 to 2016

The Bharat Ratna (Jewel of India) is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Instituted in 1954, the award is conferred "in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex.The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science, and public services, but the government expanded the criteria to include "any field of human endeavour" in December 2011.The recommendations for the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President, with a maximum of three nominees being awarded per year. Recipients receive a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a peepal-leaf–shaped medallion; there is no monetary grant associated with the award. Bharat Ratna recipients rank seventh in the Indian order of precedence.

S.No.
Name
Year
About him/her
1
Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari
1954
Last Governor – General, Independence activist
2
Dr. Sarvapali Radhakrishnan
1954
India’s 1st Vice President (1952 – 1962), Philosopher and India’s 2nd President (1962 – 1967)
3
Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
1954
Physicist
4
Dr. Bhagwan Das
1955
Author, Independence activist, Kashi Vidya Peeth Founder
5
Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
1955
Diwan of Mysore, Civil engineer
6
Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
1955
Author, Independence activist, 1st Prime Minister
7
Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant
1957
Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Independence activist, Home Minister
8
Dr. Dhondo Keshave Karve
1958
Educator, social reformer
9
Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy
1961
Chief Minister of West Bengal and a Physician
10
Shri Purushottam Das Tandon
1961
Educator, Independence activist
11
Dr. Rajendra Prasad
1962
Jurist, Independence activist, 1st President of India
12
Dr. Zakir Hussain
1963
Scholar, Independence activist, 3rd President of India
13
Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane
1963
Sanskrit scholar and Indologist
14
Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri (Posthumous)
1966
2nd Prime Minister of India, Independence activist
15
Smt. Indira Gandhi
1971
3rd Prime Minister of India
16
Shri Varahagiri Venkata Giri
1975
4th President, Trade unionist
17
Shri Kumaraswami Kamraj (Posthumous)
1976
Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Independence activist
18
Mother Teresa
1980
Founder of Missionaries of Charity and a Catholic nun
19
Shri Acharya Vinobha Bhave (Posthumous)
1983
Independence activist and a Social reformer
20
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
1987
Independence activist, First non-citizen
21
Shri Marudu Gopalan Ramachandran (Posthumous)
1988
Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Film actor
22
Dr. Bhim Rao Ramji Ambedkar (Posthumous)
1990
Crusader against Untouchablity, Chief architect of Indian Constitution, Social Reformer, Dalit Icon, Historian, Economist, scholar, politician
23
Dr. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
1990
2nd non – citizen and non – Indian recipient, Leader of Anti – Apartheid movement
24
Shri Rajiv Gandhi (Posthumous)
1991
6th Prime Minister of India
25
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (Posthumous)
1991
Independence activist, 1st Home Minister
26
Shri Morarji Ranchhodji Desai
1991
4th Prime Minister and Independence activist
27
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (Posthumous)
1992
1st Minister of Education and an Independence activist
28
Shri Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata
1992
Philanthropist and an Industrialist
29
Shri Satyajit Ray
1992
Filmmaker
30
Shri Gulzarilal Nanda
1997
Interim Prime Minister, Independence activist
31
Smt. Aruna Asaf Ali (Posthumous)
1997
Independence activist
32
Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
1997
Aeronautical Engineer and 11th President of India
33
Smt. Madurai Sanmukhavadivu Subbulakshmi
1998
Carnatic classical singer
34
Shri Chidambaram Subramniam
1998
Minister of Agriculture and an Independence activist
35
Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan (Posthumous)
1999
Politician, Independence activist
36
Professor Amartya Sen
1999
Economist
37
Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi (Posthumous)
1999
Chief Minister of Assam, Independence activist
38
Pandit Ravi Shankar
1999
Sitar player
39
Sushri Lata Dinanath Mangeshkar
2001
Playback singer
40
Ustad Bismillah Khan
2001
Hindustani classical shehnai player
41
Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi
2008
Hindustani classical singer
42
Sachin Tendulkar
2014
Indian Cricketer, First Sportsman and Youngest Indian who got Bharat Ratna
43
Prof. C.N.R Rao
2014
Indian Scientist
44
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
2015
Atal Bihari Vajpayee is an Indian statesman who was the Eleventh Prime Minister of India from BJP
45
Madan Mohan Malviya
2015
The freedom icon and Educationist popularly known as ‘Mahamana”.

*First Bharat Ratna was awarded to Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, Sir C.V. Raman, and Chakravarti Rajagopalachari in 1954.
*Last Bharat Ratna was awarded to Sachin Tendulkar .
*Mother Teresa was the first naturalized Indian citizen of Bharat Ratna Award Winner in 1980.
*Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan (1987) And Nelson Mandela (1990) are two non Indians of Bharat Ratna Award Winners.
*Sachin Tendulkar is the first sportsperson and the youngest Bharat Ratna Award Winner

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