Nine Gems or Navaratnas of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya

A circle of famous nine persons known as Nine Gems or Navaratnas were present in the court of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya. The nine gems of the group were
a. Kalidasa
b. Vetala Bhatta
c. Varahamihira
d. Vararuchi
e. Amarasimha
f. Dhanvantari
g. kshapanak
h. Shanku
i. Ghatakarpura

Kalidasa:Kalidasa was a famous Sanskrit writer and poet in the court of Chandragupta II (Vikramaditya). He is commonly regarded as the greatest poet in the Sanskrit language. Kalidasa was the author of three famous plays. Those are:
a) Abhijnanasakuntalam : tells the story of King Dushyanta and Shakuntala
b) Malavikagnimitram tells the story love of King Agnimitra with Malavika
c) Vikramorvasiyam tells the love story of King Pururavas and celestial fairy Urvashi

Kalidasa was also the author of two famous Sanskrit epic poems: a) Raghuvamsa ("Raghu Dynasty ") and b) Kumarasambhava.

Vetala Bhatta : Vetala Bhatta was a Brahmin in the court of Vikramaditya. He is known for his contribution of "Nitipradipa ".

Varahamihira: Varahamihira was an Indian astronomer, astrologer and mathematician of Gupta era. He is famously known for his great work Pancha Siddhantika, a book on mathematical astronomy. His other important contribution to the Indian Sanskrit literature is the Brihat-Samhita, an encyclopedia of astrology and other subjects of human interest.

Vararuci : Vararuci was one of the nine Gems in the court of Chandragupta II of Gupta era.

Amarasimha: Amarasimha was one of the nine Gems in the court of Vikramaditya of Gupta era. He is notably known for his famous Sanskrit thesaurus Amarakosha. It is also known as Namalinganushasana.

Dhanvantari : Dhanvantari is regarded as one of the worldÂ’s first surgeons and medical practitioner from Gupta era. He is considered as the origin exponent of Ayurveda. He is also worshipped as the God of Medicine. Sushruta, the author of famous Sushruta Samhita was the student of Dhanvantari. He is also credited for the discovery of the antiseptic properties of turmeric and the preservative properties of salt. Dhanvantari is considered to be the pioneer of modern plastic surgery.

Kshapanak : kshapanak wrote a book called Jyothisyashastra
Shanku: Sanku was a great scholar and He was the author of Shilpashastra.

Ghatakarpura: Ghatakarpura was expert in sculpture and architecture


  1. Kalidasa and Vararuchi etc were the members of Navaratna of Vikramaditya || in 400 AD.It is a historical fact.But Hindu obscurantists claim that Kalidasa lived 2000 years back.Vishnunarayanan Namboothiri wrote article in Kalakaumudu weekly in Oct.3rd 2010.

  2. Good but should get more information