Nadir Shah invasion on India in 1739


Emperor Nadir Shah, the Shah of Persia (1736–47) and the founder of the Afsharid dynasty of Persia, invaded the Mughal Empire, eventually attacking Delhi in March 1739. In 1738, he proceeded to invade India with a large army of 55,000. He entered India through Hindu Kush mountains and advanced his force towards Indus river. His army had easily defeated the Mughals at the battle at Karnal and would eventually capture the Mughal capital in the aftermath of the battle.

Battle of Karnal: On 13thFebruary 1739, Mughal army of Muhammad Shah confronted the Nadir army at the Battle of Karnal. Mughal army couldn't stand in front of Nadir's large army. Nadir smashed the Mughals army. Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah surrendered to Nadir.

Massacre in Delhi: Nadir Shah entered Delhi in March 1739 and he ordered his troop to carry out general massacre in the city. His army raided Delhi performed massive massacre. Thousands of civilians were killed mercilessly by Nadir's army. Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah begged for mercy and he surrendered the Mughal's treasury to Nadir. Peacock Throne and Koh-i-noor diamond were also handed over to Nadir. Nadir returned to Iran with huge belongings of valuable assets of Mughal Empire.

No comments:

Post a Comment