Guru Nanak was the founder of the Sikhism or Sikh religion and was the first of the ten Gurus of the Sikhs. He was born to a Hindu family on 15 April 1469 AD in the village of Talwandi also called as Rai Bhoe ki Talwandi presently known as Nankana Sahib near Lahore of Pakistan. His father was Kalayan Das Mehta, also known as Mehta Kalu, and his mother was Mata Tripta ji. At the age of 16 years, Guru Nanak was married to Mata Sulakhni. They had two sons, Sri Chand and Lakhmi Chand .It is believed that at the age of 5, Guru Nanak showed interest in divine subjects. He started his schooling at the age of 7 years. As per childhood accounts of Guru Nanak once a poisonous cobra shielded the head of the sleeping child with its hood and prevented bright sunlight.
Enlightenment: As per Sikh tradition, one day Guru Nanak disappeared from a river while taking bath and after three days he re-appeared in the same spot with divine light in his eyes and resplendent face and accomplished Enlightenment. In 1499 AD, at the age of 30 years he began an extensive travels to spread the message of God. Soon, his name was spread not only in entire India but also in Iraq, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Burma, Turkey and Tibet.
Guru Nanak is also known as Satguru Nanak, Baba Nanak, Nanak Shah Faqir, Bhagat Nanak, Nanak Kalandar etc. by different people of different religions. Guru's Birth Anniversary is celebrated as "Guru Nanak Jayanti" on the full moon in November.
The Guru Granth Sahib: It is the holy text of Sikhism, compiled and composed by Sikh Gurus. All subsequent Gurus used the name "Nanak" to write any sacred text in the holy book. It is believed by the Sikhs that the subsequent Gurus used the name "Nanak" in their holy text instead of their own name because all passed the same message as that of Guru Nanak. So it is also referred as the "Light of Nanak".
Three Basic Guidelines of Sikhism:
Guru Nanak founded and formalized the three basic guidelines of Sikhism.
1. Naam Japna - Remembrance of God and meditation on God through reciting, chanting, singing.
2. Kirat Karni - One should practice honesty and truthfulness at all times.
3. Vand Chakna - One should share wealth with others. Sharing and Giving is an important message from Guru Nanak.
Heavenly Abode: Guru Nanak departed for his heavenly abode in 1539 AD.
Guru Nanak: Nanak was born in a Khatri family at Talwandi in the Lahore district in 1469. He spent his life preaching the gospel of tolerance. In order to put an end to the religious conflicts, he laid stress on moral virtues.